General causes for civil action in Jamaica Parish court

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It can be confusing to determine what you are suing for when you go to any parish court to file a lawsuit. That is especially when the clerk is not equipped to handle your issue. Truth be told there is very little that a court clerk at the front desk should guide you on, as they not being the clerk of court cannot offer legal advice.
Most times they are only exposed enough to help with basic claims as well.

Here’s a general list of civil causes and reasons for which you can start a claim in civil court in Jamaica. If your case is beyond the basic information of this site, please contact the legal wiz team, an attorney-at-law, paralegal, legal assistant or speak to the clerk of court or registrar. Remember that a court clerk and clerk of court are two different persons.


(in Jamaica generally)

abuse of process
adverse possession
animal injury
assault (intentional tort)
battery (intentional tort)
breach of contract
breach of consumers rights
breach of fiduciary duty (to beneficiaries)
breach of peaceful use and quiet enjoyment
breach of peaceful use and quiet enjoyment
breach of criminal acts such as wrongfully collecting monies
breach of round robin contract
civil conspiracy – tort eg where 2 or more persons conspired to defraud someone
civil theft
constructive fraud
conversion of property
defamation (intentional distress)
dram shop liability eg liquor to minor
emotional distress caused intentionally
establishing boundary
false imprisonment (intentional tort)
fraud (intentional tort)
fraudulent misrepresentation
fraudulent concealment
intentionally causing emotional distress (intentional tort)
invasion of privacy – stolen identity
invasion of privacy – scandalising persons private
invasion of privacy – general
legal malpractice
malicious prosecution
medical malpractice
negligent entrustment
negligent hiring
negligent misrepresentation
quantum meruit
premises liability
prima facie tort
product liability – misrepresentation
product liability – negligence
product liability – strict liability
product liability – breach of warranty
promissory estoppel
recovery of possession from squatter for forcible entry and detainer, tenant, licensee
tortious interference with an existing contract (intentionally causing someone to breach their contract)
trespass (intentional tort)
wrongful death
wrongful discharge
unjust enrichment


****** When there is an agent involved the agent must file in their name, but indicate on your behalf.
Agent court forms coming soon


The above does not constitute legal advice, and are done by inhouse senior journalists, chiefly Anthea McGibbon, after research and discussion with attorneys-at-law and other specialists, as necessary. Please remember that names are changed at times by request of the person seeking information. Although articles and findings are researched, opinions offered on this site are for informational purposes only and are not intended to provide specific advice to any individual. This information is not intended to be a substitute for individualized tax, legal, or investment advice. Therefore please consider discussing your specific situation with a qualified tax, legal, or financial advisor.

For physical assistance:

For non attorney services (including research, documentation, collections, legwork, filing, artwork, follow ups) in Jamaica you may simply write to to make private arrangements beyond the commitment of this mediahouse. TEL: 876-530-5744 or 305-648-6963.
The Legal Wiz networks professionals from all fields to serve the interest of all Jamaicans and persons relating with Jamaicans.
Physical office is at Suite # 1, 3 South Avenue, Swallowfield, Kingston 5, Jamaica West Indies. Rates may apply.


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